Recognize Symptoms QuicklySymptoms of a heart attack differ for each person, depending on age, sex, and severity. Diabetics, women and the elderly can have symptoms that are different from general. To provide first aid in a heart attack, recognize the signs that indicate someone has had an attack.
- Chest pain, pressure, or tightness for several minutes, persist or disappear. This pain is motivated by a blockage in blood flow to the heart muscle.
- Chest pain can spread to the arms, left shoulders, back, neck, jaw, sternum, and upper body.
- Nausea, vomiting, heartburn, and digestive disorders.
- The body feels very weak and dizzy.
- Cold sweat came out.
- Hard to breathe.
- Fast or irregular heartbeat.
- There is a change in mental status.
How to Provide ReliefIt is important to know first aid for a heart attack. If someone suddenly has a heart attack, the first thing to do is:
- The patient must sit down and try to remain calm. He can sit on a chair, on the floor, or lean against a wall. Sitting on the floor makes them less at risk of injury if they faint.
- Loosen all clothes.
- If you have previously been prescribed a drug nitroglycerin beforehand, give it immediately. The way to give it is by placing the tablet under the tongue.
- If the patient has no history of bleeding or allergy, the patient can be given aspirin 325 mg to chew. Avoid giving anything by mouth, except nitroglycerin or other drugs that have been prescribed before.
- Contact the ER immediately or the closest hospital.
- Immediately perform CPR (cardiac pulmonary resuscitation) after contacting the ER, if the patient is unconscious or not responding. Perform CPR for one minute before contacting the ER if the patient is a toddler or a child.
- Call the nearest help if you feel panicked. But never leave a patient alone.
- Give positive persuasion while waiting for the ambulance to arrive.
- Do not wait for symptoms to pass to call for help. Also do not persuade patients to assume that the symptoms are normal.