Stages and Process in VCTThe World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a VCT guide that is useful in detecting and managing HIV globally. The guideline is then applied in various countries, especially developing countries. In principle, VCT is confidential and voluntary. This means that it is only done at the initiative and approval of someone who comes to the VCT service provider for inspection. The results of the examination were kept confidential. After signing the written agreement, the VCT can be carried out immediately. The main processes in handling HIV / AIDS through VCT are as follows:
Pre-Test Counseling Stage
This stage is carried out providing information about HIV and AIDS. Then the counselor starts the discussion and the client is expected to honestly tell about previous activities that are suspected of being at risk of exposure to the HIV virus, such as work or daily activities, history of sexual activity, injecting drug use, having received blood transfusions or organ transplants, having tattoos and a history of previous illnesses.
After the client gets clear information through pre-test counseling, the counselor will explain the tests that can be done, and ask for client approval for an HIV test. After obtaining written approval, the test can be carried out. If the test results are available, the test results will be given directly (face to face) by the counselor.
Post-Test Counseling Stages
After receiving the test results, the client will undergo the post counseling stage. If the test results are negative, the counselor will still provide an understanding of the importance of reducing the risk of HIV / AIDS. For example, having sex more safely and using condoms. However, if the test results are positive, the counselor will provide emotional support so that the patient does not get discouraged. The counselor will also provide information about the next steps that can be taken, such as treatment and treatment that needs to be undertaken. Including how to maintain a healthy lifestyle, as well as how not to infect others.